Plant Growth and Development


Essential Question(s)

How are living things and non-living things similar to and different from each other?

How do living things adapt to their environment?

Why is photosynthesis important to living things?

Content Learning Targets

  • Non-living things do not live and thrive
  • Living things grow, take in nutrients, breathe, reproduce, eliminate waste and die
  • Each plant has different structures that serve different functions in growth, survival and reproduction
  • Roots help support the plant and take in water and nutrients
  • Leaves help plants utilize sunlight to make food for the plant
  • Stems, stalks, trunks and other similar structures provide support for the plant
  • Some plants have flowers
  • Flowers are reproductive structures of plants that produce fruit which contains seeds
  • Seeds contain stored food that aids in germination and the growth of young plants
  • The length of time from beginning of development to death of the plant is called its life span
  • Life cycles of some plants include changes from seed to mature plant
  • Growth is the process by which plants and animals increase in seize
  • Plants respond to changes in their environment. For example, the leaves of some green plants change position as the direction of light changes, the parts of some plants undergo seasonal changes that enable the plant to grow, seeds to germinate, and leaves to form and grow
  • An organism's pattern of behavior is related to the nature of that organism's environment, including the kinds and numbers of other organisms present, the availability of food and other resources, and the physical characteristics of the environment
  • Plants manufacture food by utilizing the energy in sunlight to change water and carbon dioxide into a kind of sugar called glucose: photosynthesis