Fluency-Prosody

  • Prosody which includes Pausing, Phrasing, Stress, Intonation and Integration are dimensions of Fluency that help your young reader "sound like a story teller". When a child has these aspects of fluency under control, he or she is interesting to listen to while reading. We might often describe this as "sounding like you are talking". The best way to help your child develop these skills is to model them yourself. You child is never to old to be read to by you! 


    Pausing refers to the way the reader's voice is guided by punctuation (short breath at a comma; full stop with voice going down at periods and up at question marks; full stop at dashes).


    Phrasing refers to the way readers put words together in groups to represent the meaningful units of language.  Phrased reading should sound like oral language, although more formal.  Phrasing involves pausing at punctuation as well as at places in the text that do not have punctuation.


    Stress refers to the emphasis readers place on particular words (louder tone) to reflect the meaning of the text as speakers would do in oral language.


    Intonation refers to the way the reader varies the voice in tone, pitch, and volume to reflect the meaning of the text--sometimes called "expression."


    Integration involves the way the reader consistently and evenly orchestrates pausing, phrasing, stress, intonation, and rate.  The reader moves smoothly from one word to another, from one phrase to another, and from one sentence to another, incorporating pauses that are just long enough to perform their function.  There is no space between words except as part of meaningful interpretation.  




    From Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency by Irene C. Fountas & Gay Su Pinnell